Hiring Employees in Ghana

Spoken Language

English is the official language.
We have major Ghanaian local languages such as Twi,Ga,Ewe,Hausa etc.


New Ghana Cedis (GH¢)

Average hours & Overtime

Hours of work is a maximum of 8 hours a day including 1 hour break or 40 hours a week (5 days). Working hours and overtime rates are set out in the employment agreement or collective bargaining agreement but should fall within the requirements of the labour law.

Wages and salaries

Ghana’s current daily minimum wage is GH¢ 11.82 ($ 2.16)

Observed National Holidays and vacation

Paid holidays: New Year’s Day/ Constitution Day /Independence Day/ Good Friday/ Easter Monday/ Workers (May)Day/ Founder’s Day/Eid-Ul-Fitr/ Eid-Ul-Adha/ Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day/ Farmer’s Day/ Christmas Day/Boxing Day

Paid Leave

Worker is entitled to at least 15 working days fully paid annual leave. Maternity leave is at least 12 weeks paid period of absence. The worker enjoys the maternity leave in addition to any period of annual leave she is entitled to after confinement. Paternity leave is optional.

Expats, Visas, & Work Permits

Employers are responsible for work permit and residence permit for expatriate employees.
Foreign investors must be granted expatriate quota approval to employee expatriates. The quota given is tied to the investor’s paid up capital.

Termination Notice

Termination notice depends on the contractual agreement of the current employer. Usually it is 2 weeks to 1 month notice or 1 month salary in lieu of notice

Statutory Deductions

· Social Security Contribution (Employers contributes 13% of the basic salary and 5.5% is deducted from the employees basic salary)
· Income Tax (PAYE)

Health Insurance

Health Insurance for employees is not mandatory but it is a common practice.

Important Information

· Employers are mandated to cover employees under the workman compensation policy
· Provident fund contribution (Third Tier pension fund) but this is not mandatory. This is a voluntary contribution by both employee and employer to complement mandatory pension schemes.

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